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JavaScript apply() Function

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JavaScript apply() Function

The apply() function calls a function or method as if it belonged to thisObj and passes an array of arguments to the function or method.

Note: The call() function passes the arguments individually. Whereas, the apply() function passes an array of arguments.

Basic Example

The following is the basic example to be understood before proceeding with a apply() function.

Example

HTML Online Editor
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <p id="point"></p> <script> var x = document.getElementById("point"); var bike = { brand : "Honda", model : "CB1000R", detail : function(){ return this.brand + " " + this.model; } } x.innerText = bike.detail(); </script> </body> </html>

Syntax

function.apply(Object, [argsArray])

Parameter Values

ValueTypeExplanation
Object Optional The value of thisObj provided for the call to a function.
argsArray Optional Array of arguments for the function.

Browser Support

Devicedesktopmobileserver
Browser / PLgoogle chromesafarifirefoxinternet Exploreredgeoperagoogle chromesafarifirefoxedgeoperaandroid webviewsamsung internetnodejs
apply()YesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes

apply() with Object and without Arguments

Example

HTML Online Editor
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <p id="point"></p> <script> var x = document.getElementById("point"); var bike = { detail : function(){ return this.brand + " " + this.model; } } var bike1 = { brand : "Harley Davidson", model : "FAT BOB", } var bike2 = { brand : "Yamaha", model : "MT-09", } x.innerText = bike.detail.apply(bike2); </script> </body> </html>

apply() with Object and Arguments

Note: An array of arguments is passed instead of individual arguments.

Example

HTML Online Editor
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <p id="point"></p> <script> var x = document.getElementById("point"); var bike = { detail : function(color, price){ return this.brand +" "+ this.model +" "+ color +" "+ price; } } var bike1 = { brand : "Harley Davidson", model : "FAT BOB", } var bike2 ={ brand : "Yamaha", model : "MT-09", } x.innerText = bike.detail.apply(bike2, ["Red", "$15592"]); </script> </body> </html>

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